Saturday, July 21, 2012

INYENYERI NEWS: The Untold Stories: Pinochet of Africa Hissene Habre’s Fate Sealed By ICJ.

INYENYERI NEWS
PUBLISHING YOUR NEWS WITH CUTTING EDGE STYLE
The Untold Stories: Pinochet of Africa Hissene Habre's Fate Sealed By ICJ.
Jul 22nd 2012, 03:59

The International Court Of Justice Has Ruled That Senegal Must Begin Proceedings To Try Chad’s Former Leader Hissene Habre “Without Delay” Or Be Extradited To Belgium For Trial.

Hissene Habre was the leader of Chad from 1982 until he was deposed in a Coup 1990 by Idris Deby, like his counterparts in Africa he is accused of gross human rights violations during his term in office. Habré first came to international attention when a group under his command attacked the town of Bardaï in Tibesti, on 21 April 1974, and took three Europeans hostage, with the intention of ransoming them for money and arms. The captives were a German physician, Dr. Christoph Staewen (whose wife Elfriede was killed in the attack), and two French citizens, Françoise Claustre, an archeologist, and Marc Combe, a development worker. Staewen was released on 11 June 1974 after significant payments by West German officials.

Combe escaped in 1975, but despite the intervention of the French Government, Claustre (whose husband was a senior French government official) was not released until 1 February 1977. Habré split with Oueddei, partly over this hostage-taking incident (which became known as the “Claustre affair” in France).

Despite his political back ground as a gangster Hissene Habre rose to prominence in 1978 when he was appointed the Prime of Chad replacing Felix Malloum who had held both Prime Minister and Presidence since 1975. When Malloum's predidence ended , Goukouni Oueddei  was elected the next President of Chad, however, his term of office was cut short by  Hissene Habre  when he deposed him in 1982 and he abolished the post of Prime Minsiter.

For those who do not know how dictators operate, they create or support posts which are to serve their interests, and once those interests are no longer needed, they abolish those posts they have created or supported.  Here in Rwanda, the then a young rebel leader Paul Kagame who  had captured power from the murderous regime of Habyarimana and his comrades(Abatabazi), he  opportunistically said he never wanted to be the President, he  instead  gave power  without power to President Pastuer Bizimungu,  however,  the real power was still  in the hands of the giver. 

President Kagame created the Post of Vice- President which he gave himself and that of the Minister of Defence. It was not long when he just pushed his President and installed himself using his rubber stamp called the Parliament. Indeed, he immediately abolished the post of the Vice- President.  Before I come back to President Kagame , let me first take the readers of this article through  the political journey of Hissene Habre so that  you can   get the real picture of these two guys but most importantly to  see how African people  have suffered at the hands of their fellow countrymen, Rule with Iron fist characterized with murders and torture

As I have mentioned above Hissene Habré ruled Chad from 1982 until he was deposed in 1990 by Idriss Déby. He then fled to Senegal. Habré’s one party regime was characterized by widespread human rights abuses and atrocities. Habré’s government periodically engaged in ethnic cleansing against groups such as the SaraHadjerai and the Zaghawa, killing and arresting group members in masse when it perceived that their leaders were posing a threat to the regime. Following his rise to power, Habré created a secret police force known as the Documentation and Security Directorate (DDS), under which opponents of Habré were tortured and executed. Some methods of torture commonly used by the DDS included; burning with incandescent objects, spraying of gas into the eyes, ears, and nose; forced swallowing of water, and forcing the mouths of detainees around the exhaust pipes of running cars. It is estimated that 40,000 Chadians nationwide either died in detention or were executed under Habré, and that over 200,000 were subjected to torture. Human Rights Watch later dubbed Habré “Africa‘s Pinochet.”

Similarly,  President Kagame has created his notorious  Military Intelligence Directorate(DMI) which kills all the people perceived to be political opponents of the Kigali regime, under Kagame's rule people have disappeared, throats cut, terrorism of murder is also exported to the hiding places of his opponents who flee for their lives in the neighboring countries and beyond. Some people, who I will say are lucky, are incarcerated and tried in Kangaroo courts which later convict them to life.  This is another tragedy to a country that suffered genocide where almost one million people were massacred by their fellow countrymen.  It is estimated that the number of people who have disappeared or killed under the rule of Kagame outweighs the number of people who died in the whole conflict of Rwanda since independence from Belgium.

War with Neighbors

Kagame has invaded his neighbor Congo, which he has repeatedly denied even where overwhelming evidence pin the government of Rwanda of supporting his proxy the M23 and other groups. Unfortunately the United States and other European countries have continued to keep a deaf ear despite all these testimonies from their organizations and UN report. These powerful and rich nations have continued to train and support the government of Rwanda in the same way they used to give Military training and logistics to Hissene Habre during the conflict between Chad and Libya.

Despite all the above mentioned support that all the above countries gave to Habré’s government, a rebel offensive in November 1990, which was led by Idriss Déby, a Zaghawa former army commander who had participated in a plot against Habré in 1989 and subsequently fled to Sudan, defeated Habré’s forces. The French chose not to assist Habré on this occasion, allowing him to be ousted; it is possible that they actively aided Déby. Explanation and speculation regarding the reasons for France’s abandonment of Habré include the adoption of a policy of non-interference in intra-Chadian conflicts, dissatisfaction with Habré’s unwillingness to move towards multiparty democracy, and favoritism by Habré towards American rather than French companies with regard to oil development. Habré fled to Cameroon, and the rebels entered N’Djamena on 2 December 1990; Habré subsequently went into exile in Senegal.

Documents obtained by Human Rights Watch show that the United States provided Habré’s DDS with training, intelligence, arms, and other support despite knowledge of its atrocities. Records discovered in the DDS’ meticulous archives describe training programs by American instructors for DDS agents and officials, including a course in the United States that was attended by some of the DDS’ most feared torturers. According to the Chadian Truth Commission, the United States also provided the DDS with monthly infusions of monetary aid and financed a regional network of intelligence networks code-named “Mosaic” that Chad used to pursue suspected opponents of Habré’s regime even after they fled the country.

In the summer of 1983, when Libya invaded northern Chad and threatened to topple Habré, France sent 3,000 paratroops with air support, while the Reagan administration provided two AWACS electronic surveillance planes to coordinate air cover. By 1987 Gaddafi’s forces had retreated.

Like President Kagame, Habré was a remarkably able man with a brilliant sense of how to play the outside world,” a former senior U.S. official said. “He was also a bloodthirsty tyrant and torturer. It is fair to say we knew who and what he was and chose to turn a blind eye"

However, everything has a beginning and an end,  Hissene Habre with all the support from France and United States, he might have believed that he is immortal or super human, his fate for either be tried in the host country(Senegal) or be extradited to Belgium is not only a signal to other dictators on the African continent but also a victory to justice .similarly President Kagame  with his admirers like Bill Clinton and Tony Blair still using their influence to collect money  from their respective countries  for Kagame  which Kagame uses to invade Congo and hunt his political opponents will one day dry up.  Indeed, it will not be long when all the atrocities mentioned by Human Rights Watch and UN, but ignored for both political economic interests by the international community will surface and President Kagame  will have no place to hide from the gallows of justice.

 

Jacquline Umurungi

Brussels.

 

 

 

 

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Rwanda Speaks: US State Department’s Statement on Rwanda

Rwanda Speaks
The Truth About Rwanda Shared
US State Department's Statement on Rwanda
Jul 22nd 2012, 01:14

The US State Department has just released a statement, obtained by Reuters, on cutting military aid to Rwanda.

Here is the entire statement:In light of information that Rwanda is supporting armed groups in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the Department of State has decided it can no longer provide Foreign Military Financing (FMF) appropriated in the current fiscal year to Rwanda, considering a restriction imposed by the 2012 appropriation act.

As a result, we will not obligate $200,000 in Fiscal Year 2012 FMF funds that were intended to support a Rwandan academy for non-commissioned officers.  These funds will be reallocated for programming in another country.

We will continue to provide assistance to Rwanda to enhance its capacity to support peacekeeping missions.

The Department continues to assess whether other steps should be taken in response to Rwanda's actions with respect to the DRC.

The United States government is deeply concerned about the evidence that Rwanda is implicated in the provision of support to Congolese rebel groups, including M23.

The United States has been actively engaged at the highest levels to urge Rwanda to halt and prevent the provision of such support, which threatens to undermine stability in the region.

Restraint, dialogue, and respect for each other's sovereignty offer the best opportunity for Rwanda and the DRC, with the support of their partners, to resume the difficult work of bringing peace and security to the broader region.

We are encouraged by the ongoing high-level dialogue among the states of the Great Lakes region, and we join the Security Council in taking note with interest of the communiqué issued by the eleven member states of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) on July 12.

Developing a disciplined and unified army as part of a comprehensive security sector reform process remains critical to the stabilization of the DRC.

We support efforts to bring to justice alleged human rights abusers among the mutineers, including Bosco Ntaganda, who is the subject of an International Criminal Court arrest warrant. We are concerned by reports that the mutineers have forcibly recruited child soldiers.

Hilary Fuller Renner
Spokesperson
Bureau of African Affairs
U.S. Department of State


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Rwanda Speaks: U.S. cuts military aid to Rwanda over Congo rebel support

Rwanda Speaks
The Truth About Rwanda Shared
U.S. cuts military aid to Rwanda over Congo rebel support
Jul 22nd 2012, 00:30

ABIDJAN (Reuters) – The U.S. government said Saturday it will cut military aid to Rwanda for this year, citing evidence Kigali is supporting rebels in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in a significant step by one of Rwanda’s staunchest allies.

Rwanda has denied reports by United Nations experts and rights groups that it is backing eastern Congolese rebels, including the M23 group, which has seized parts of North Kivu province in fighting that has displaced over 260,000 people since April.

The U.S. State Department cited evidence of Rwandan support for the rebels in announcing

President Paul Kagame

the military aid suspension.

“The United States government is deeply concerned about the evidence that Rwanda is implicated in the provision of support to Congolese rebel groups, including M23,” said Hilary Fuller Renner, a State Department spokeswoman, in an emailed statement.

“We will not obligate $200,000 in Fiscal Year 2012 Foreign Military Financing funds that were intended to support a Rwandan academy for non-commissioned officers. These funds will be reallocated for programming in another country,” she said.

Washington has stood by Rwanda in the past despite the tiny nation’s long history of involvement in wars in vast neighboring Congo.

Rwanda’s foreign minister has previously said reports of its involvement in Congo fighting were “disingenuous” and a bid to make Rwanda a scapegoat for its neighbor’s problems. Officials in Kigali were not immediately available for comment on the U.S. aid cut.

Renner said Washington was in the process of assessing whether further steps should be taken in response to Rwanda’s actions in Congo.

She said the United States would continue to help Rwanda support peacekeeping missions. Rwanda has a major peacekeeping presence in Sudan’s Darfur region.

Although the amount of cash being withheld is small, analysts said the move clearly signaled Washington’s displeasure.

“The U.S. government has been a longstanding ally of the Rwandan government. This step, even if symbolic, is emblematic of a shift in perception – if not necessarily in aid – in Washington,” said independent Congo expert Jason Stearns.

Rwanda sent its army into Congo, then called Zaire, in the mid 1990s, ostensibly to hunt down Rwandan Hutu rebels who fled there after the 1994 genocide.

A decade of conflict followed, in which Rwandan forces helped Congolese rebels topple the dictator Mobutu Sese Seko. They then fell out with the rebels they initially backed, sparking a war that sucked in other neighboring armies and officially ended in 2003.

The current rebellion comes after three years of generally improved relations between Kinshasa and Kigali since the latter helped end a 2004-9 eastern Congolese uprising, which Rwanda was also accused of backing.

The leaders of Congo and Rwanda agreed at a meeting this month to allow a neutral force to be deployed in Congo to defeat each others’ rebels, but the plan’s details have not been announced yet.

(Writing by David Lewis; Editing by Roger Atwood)


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Rwanda Speaks: US cuts military aid to Rwanda over alleged support for Congo rebels

Rwanda Speaks
The Truth About Rwanda Shared
US cuts military aid to Rwanda over alleged support for Congo rebels
Jul 21st 2012, 22:20

JOHANNESBURG — The U.S. government said Saturday it has cut this year's planned military assistance to Rwanda amid concerns that the government in Kigali is supporting rebel movements in neighboring Congo.

"The United States has been actively engaged at the highest levels to urge Rwanda to halt and prevent the provision of such support, which threatens to undermine stability in the region," State Department spokesman Darby Holladay said in an emailed statement.

President Paul Kagame

Rwanda has denied reports by the United Nations and rights groups that it is supporting the so-called M23 rebel movement in East Congo, which has sparked new fighting in the area that has forced more than 200,000 civilians from their homes since April.

"The United States government is deeply concerned about the evidence that Rwanda is implicated in the provision of support to Congolese rebel groups, including M23," the statement said.

The U.S. — usually a staunch Rwandan ally — therefore cuts $200,000 of initially pledged military aid for a training academy, reallocating the funds to another country instead, the State Department said.

While the actual the amount of money being withheld is small, the move appears to be a clear snub at the government in Kigali, reflecting Washington's concerns over the recent instability in eastern Congo.

"Restraint, dialogue, and respect for each other's sovereignty offer the best opportunity" for Rwanda and Congo "to resume the difficult work of bringing peace and security to the broader region," it said.

Washington's move follows last week's statement by the U.N. Security Council, condemning all outside support to armed groups in Congo and demanding that such backing "cease immediately."

The leaders of Congo and Rwanda earlier this month agreed in principle to back a neutral international armed force to combat Congo's newest rebellion and other fighters terrorizing civilians in the country's mineral-rich east, and the African Union said it could help by sending soldiers. Details, however, have remained sketchy.

Congo already has the world's largest peacekeeping force of nearly 20,000 U.N. soldiers and police that cost nearly $1.5 billion in 2011. Congo's army — ill-equipped, ill-paid and demoralized — is accused of pillaging and rape of civilians as often as are the rebels and militias, putting U.N. peacekeepers in an invidious position.

East Congo's conflict is a hangover from Rwanda's 1994 genocide. Hundreds who participated in the killings of some 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus escaped into Congo and still fight there today. The M23 rebels are the latest incarnation of a group of Congolese Tutsi rebels set up to fight Rwandan Hutu rebels in Congo.

Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.


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UMUVUGIZI: Bill Clinton yihanangirije perezida Kagame ku kibazo cya Kongo .

UMUVUGIZI
Ikinyamakuru Kivugira Abaturarwanda
Bill Clinton yihanangirije perezida Kagame ku kibazo cya Kongo .
Jul 21st 2012, 19:10

Perezida Clinton na Kagame

Amakuru agera ku Umuvugizi aturutse ahantu hizewe yemezako Bill Clinton wahoze ari perezida wa Leta zunze ubumwe za Amerika mu ruzinduko rwe aherutse kugirira mu Rwanda, ubwo yatahaga ibitaro bya Butaro yaboneye ho umwanya wo kwihanangiriza  perezida Kagame, cyane cyane ku kibazo cya Kongo, amusaba ko yarekera aho gutera inkunga imitwe yitwaje intwaro muri Kongo.

Ibi bikaba ari mu biganiro  Bill Clinton yagiranye na perezida Kagame nyuma y´aho yerekereje muri Uganda aho nanone yagiriye uruzinduko rw'iminsi ebiri . Amakuru atugeraho nanone ni uko perezida Bill Clinton yasabye na perezida Museveni gushyiraho ake kugirango kariya karere ko muri Kongo kagarure amahoro.
Perezida Bill Clinton nanone akaba yarageze mu Rwanda no muri Uganda akomotse muri Afurika yo hepfo aho yahuriye n'abanyacyubahiro batandukanye harimo na perezida Mandela. 

Gasasira, Suwede .
editor@umuvugizi.com

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INYENYERI NEWS: U.S. Cuts Military Aid To Rwanda over Congo Rebel Support

INYENYERI NEWS
PUBLISHING YOUR NEWS WITH CUTTING EDGE STYLE
U.S. Cuts Military Aid To Rwanda over Congo Rebel Support
Jul 21st 2012, 19:36

 

By Joe Bavier

ABIDJAN (Reuters) – The U.S. government said Saturday it will cut military aid to Rwanda for this year, citing evidence Kigali is supporting rebels in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in a significant step by one of Rwanda’s staunchest allies.

Rwanda has denied reports by United Nations experts and rights groups that it is backing eastern Congolese rebels, including the M23 group, which has seized parts of North Kivu province in fighting that has displaced over 260,000 people since April.

The U.S. State Department cited evidence of Rwandan support for the rebels in announcing the military aid suspension.

“The United States government is deeply concerned about the evidence that Rwanda is implicated in the provision of support to Congolese rebel groups, including M23,” said Hilary Fuller Renner, a State Department spokeswoman, in an emailed statement.

“We will not obligate $200,000 in Fiscal Year 2012 Foreign Military Financing funds that were intended to support a Rwandan academy for non-commissioned officers. These funds will be reallocated for programming in another country,” she said.

Washington has stood by Rwanda in the past despite the tiny nation’s long history of involvement in wars in vast neighboring Congo.

Rwanda’s foreign minister has previously said reports of its involvement in Congo fighting were “disingenuous” and a bid to make Rwanda a scapegoat for its neighbor’s problems. Officials in Kigali were not immediately available for comment on the U.S. aid cut.

Renner said Washington was in the process of assessing whether further steps should be taken in response to Rwanda’s actions in Congo.

She said the United States would continue to help Rwanda support peacekeeping missions. Rwanda has a major peacekeeping presence in Sudan’s Darfur region.

Although the amount of cash being withheld is small, analysts said the move clearly signaled Washington’s displeasure.

“The U.S. government has been a longstanding ally of the Rwandan government. This step, even if symbolic, is emblematic of a shift in perception – if not necessarily in aid – in Washington,” said independent Congo expert Jason Stearns.

Rwanda sent its army into Congo, then called Zaire, in the mid 1990s, ostensibly to hunt down Rwandan Hutu rebels who fled there after the 1994 genocide.

A decade of conflict followed, in which Rwandan forces helped Congolese rebels topple the dictator Mobutu Sese Seko. They then fell out with the rebels they initially backed, sparking a war that sucked in other neighboring armies and officially ended in 2003.

The current rebellion comes after three years of generally improved relations between Kinshasa and Kigali since the latter helped end a 2004-9 eastern Congolese uprising, which Rwanda was also accused of backing.

The leaders of Congo and Rwanda agreed at a meeting this month to allow a neutral force to be deployed in Congo to defeat each others’ rebels, but the plan’s details have not been announced yet.

(Writing by David Lewis; Editing by Roger Atwood)

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RWIZA News: U.S. cuts military aid to Rwanda over Congo rebel support

RWIZA News
U.S. cuts military aid to Rwanda over Congo rebel support
Jul 21st 2012, 18:50

U.S. cuts military aid to Rwanda over Congo rebel support Us-300x210(Reuters) – The U.S. government said Saturday it will cut military aid to Rwanda for this year, citing evidence Kigali is supporting rebels in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in a significant step by one of Rwanda’s staunchest allies.

Rwanda has denied reports by United Nations experts and rights groups that it is backing eastern Congolese rebels, including the M23 group, which has seized parts of North Kivu province in fighting that has displaced over 260,000 people since April.

The U.S. State Department cited evidence of Rwandan support for the rebels in announcing the military aid suspension.

« The United States government is deeply concerned about the evidence that Rwanda is implicated in the provision of support to Congolese rebel groups, including M23, » said Hilary Fuller Renner, a State Department spokeswoman, in an emailed statement.

« We will not obligate $200,000 in Fiscal Year 2012 Foreign Military Financing funds that were intended to support a Rwandan academy for non-commissioned officers. These funds will be reallocated for programming in another country, » she said.

Washington has stood by Rwanda in the past despite the tiny nation’s long history of involvement in wars in vast neighboring Congo.

Rwanda’s foreign minister has previously said reports of its involvement in Congo fighting were « disingenuous » and a bid to make Rwanda a scapegoat for its neighbor’s problems. Officials in Kigali were not immediately available for comment on the U.S. aid cut.

Renner said Washington was in the process of assessing whether further steps should be taken in response to Rwanda’s actions in Congo.

She said the United States would continue to help Rwanda support peacekeeping missions. Rwanda has a major peacekeeping presence in Sudan’s Darfur region.

Although the amount of cash being withheld is small, analysts said the move clearly signaled Washington’s displeasure.

« The U.S. government has been a longstanding ally of the Rwandan government. This step, even if symbolic, is emblematic of a shift in perception – if not necessarily in aid – in Washington, » said independent Congo expert Jason Stearns.

Rwanda sent its army into Congo, then called Zaire, in the mid 1990s, ostensibly to hunt down Rwandan Hutu rebels who fled there after the 1994 genocide.

A decade of conflict followed, in which Rwandan forces helped Congolese rebels topple the dictator Mobutu Sese Seko. They then fell out with the rebels they initially backed, sparking a war that sucked in other neighboring armies and officially ended in 2003.

The current rebellion comes after three years of generally improved relations between Kinshasa and Kigali since the latter helped end a 2004-9 eastern Congolese uprising, which Rwanda was also accused of backing.

The leaders of Congo and Rwanda agreed at a meeting this month to allow a neutral force to be deployed in Congo to defeat each others’ rebels, but the plan’s details have not been announced yet.

Source:Reuters

 

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Editions Sources du Nil : Livres sur le Rwanda, Burundi, RDCongo: Washington coupe-t-il les vivres au Rwanda?

Editions Sources du Nil : Livres sur le Rwanda, Burundi, RDCongo
Livres sur l'actualité et l'histoire du Rwanda, Burundi, RD Congo
Washington coupe-t-il les vivres au Rwanda?
Jul 21st 2012, 18:51

Mais que valent 200.000$US contre le pillage des ressources naturelles du Congo ou face à l'aide de la fondation Clinton qui vient de faire un tour au Rwanda, pour inaugurer un centre médical contre le cancer, ou face à la fondation Melinda (de Bill Gates) qui n'est pas avare quand il s'agit de[...]

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www.leprophete.fr Blog Feed: Dusangirijambo :Abanyarwanda bateye impuhwe kuko bameze nk'intama zitagira Abashumba! Padiri Thomas Nahimana.

www.leprophete.fr Blog Feed
Blog Feed
Dusangirijambo :Abanyarwanda bateye impuhwe kuko bameze nk'intama zitagira Abashumba! Padiri Thomas Nahimana.
Jul 21st 2012, 13:42

Harya ngo muri iki gihe Abatutsi bonyine nibo bashoboye kuba abayobozi bakuru b'ingabo z'igihugu ? Koko nta mu ofisiye n'umwe w'umuhutu ukwiye umurimo nk'uwo ? Iri si ivangura gusa , ni ikimenyetso cy'ubutegetsi bwenda kuvamo umwuka!

 

 

“Mbega abashumba b’abatindi, batererana intama zikicwa urubozo  cyangwa bakazireka zigateragira…Kubera ubukozibwibibi bwanyu intama zanjye zarayobaguritse ndetse ziratatana kuko mwanze kuzitaho. Kubera iyo mpamvu rero ni mwebwe ngiye guhagurukira!”(Yer23, 1-2)


Ngayo amagambo atangira ubutumwa umuhanuzi Yeremiya yatugeneye kuri iki cyumweru!


1. Ubutumwa bw’umushumba ni ubuhe?


Umurimo w’UMUSHUMBA cyangwa UMWUNGERI ni ukuragira intama. Kuragira  ntibivuga kujyana mu rwuri gusa ahubwo bisobanura gukenura. Ni ukwita ku ntama muri byose: kuzigaburira, kuzisukura, kuziririmbira, kuzivura igihe zirwaye, kuzitabara no kuzirengera mu gihe zatewe cyangwa zihigwa n’inyamaswa z’inkazi.


Umushumba mwiza ni ukora ako kazi kose atitangiriye itama, kandi kuko  ako kazi gasaba ubwitange budasanzwe, umushumba mwiza ntiyagatunganya atageretseho GUKUNDA INTAMA ashinzwe!


Iyo umushumba adakunda intama akora nk’Umucancuro, ashyize imbere inyungu ze bwite gusa! Ubuzima bwiza bw’intama ntacyo buba bukimubwiye ndetse iyo amagara atewe hejuru, umushumba mubi akiza aye, ay’intama agasandara!


2. Abayobozi b’igihugu n’ab'amadini ni ABASHUMBA.


Mu bihugu by’Ubulayi bw’iburengerazuba bakunze kenshi gukoresha ishusho (metaphore)  y’umushumba bashaka kuvuga abami. Muri Isiraheli iyo shusho yari ikwiranye ahanini n’umwami Dawudi kuko we yabaye koko umushumba w’amatungo mbere yo gutorerwa kuba umwami. Iyo shusho kandi yakomeje no gukoreshwa ku bamukomokaho.Byumvikane rero ko Umwami mwiza ari uwita ku baturage b’igihugu cye nk’uko umushumba mwiza yitangira amatungo ye.


Icyo abaturage b’igihugu baba bateze ku bategetsi babo ni ubutabera, uburinganire, umutekano n’amahoro (droit, justice, sécurité). Umutegetsi ushoboye guharanira izo ndangagaciro afasha abaturage be kuticamo íbice ahubwo bagahora baharanira ubumwe.

 

Mu ibaruwa Pawulo Mutagatifu yandikiye Abanyefezi (3,13-18) , aremeza ko ababatijwe bagomba kurenga ibibacamo íbice ahubwo bakarangwa n’ubumwe , kwiyunga, bityo bagashobora kubaho babanye mu mahoro . Ibyo kandi abivuga anenga cyane imigenzereze igayitse yagaragaye mu Rusengero rukuru rw’i Yeruzalemu aho wasangaga icyumba kinini cyagengewe Abayahudi bonyine, abandi (abataragenywe) bakaba bari babujijwe kugikandagizamo ibirenge(le parvis d’Israel). Icyo cyumba nicyo Pawulo yita urukuta rw’urwango (le mur de la haine).

Byumvikane neza ko iyo mu iyobokamana harimo ukwivangura guteye gutyo, ibintu biba biteye inkeke !


3. Abakristu b’Abanyarwanda batekereza iki ku rukuta rw’urwago ?

 

Muri iki gihe, n’ubwo mu Rwanda ababatijwe ari benshi, n’ubwo twese twemeza ko twayobotse Kristu, guharanira ubumwe bw’abana b’Imana biracyari ingorabahizi! Kuri benshi, kuba Umuhutu cyangwa Umututsi biracyafite agaciro karenze kuba dusangiye ukwemera. Iyobokamana ntirirashobora kutubera isano isumba iy’amaraso, mbese nk’uko byari bimeze mu gihe cya Yezu hagati y’abayahudi n’abataragenywe! Ubukristu ntiburashobora kutubyarira ubuvandimwe nyabwo! Ibimenyetso birigaragaza.


Irondakoko riravuza ubuhuha mu Rwanda kandi no mu kiliziya ntiribuze! Hagenderwa ku bwoko mu gutanga akazi, buruse, mu gisilikari, muri polisi…ivanguramoko ryahawe intebe kugera no mu irimbi : hari abafite uburenganzira bwo gushyingurwa mu cyubahiro abandi bo bakaba badakwiye guhambwa nk’abantu! Kuba ivangura nk’iryo rigishobora guhabwa intebe mu kinyejana cya 21,  biteye ubwoba, hari ubwo umuntu abitekerezaho akibaza niba Abanyarwanda nabo ari abantu!


Nyamara iyo witegereje neza usanga bamwe mu biyita abakristu aribo bashyigikiye bene iryo rondakoko! Kandi ibyo ntibibabuze kwirirwa mu biterane by’amasengesho no kwamamaza hose ko ari abakiranutsi, ko bafite ukwemera gushyitse, ko ari bo bakristu b’intangarugero! Mu by’ukuri ahantu hose hagaragaye kuvangura abantu no kwicamo íbice, byerekana ko SEKIBI (le Diviseur) yahashinze amajanja. Kuvangura ubwoko no kwicamo íbice nk’uko bigaragara mu Rwanda rw’iki gihe, aho hatoneshwa ubwoko bumwe bw’Abatutsi ubw’Abahutu bugahindurwa ruvumwa, byerekana ko ukwemera Kristu kwabo kuba kurwaye bikomeye. Ntawakwemera Batisimu imwe ngo agaruke abone muri bagenzi be ba Nyagupfa, badakwiye kuramirwa.


Muri make, urukuta rw’urwango ruracyakomeye mu Rwanda, ndetse no mu nsengero, mu misigiti naza kiliziya urwo rukuta rurahari ndetse barusize irangi! Aho abayobozi bakuru b’amadini nabo barabibona?


4. Abanyarwanda bameze nk’intama zitagira abashumba!


Birababaje cyane kuba abategetsi benshi bo mu Rwanda nta yindi gahunda bagira uretse guharanira inyungu zabo bwite, gutererana abaturage no kubacamo ibice (Diviser pour regner). Politiki yo gushaka abanzi(IBIPINGA,ADUI) mu benegihugu , nta kindi yageraho uretse gusenya igihugu no kugitwika kugeza kibaye umuyonga!


Uwareba uko benshi mu Banyarwanda bahora bahagaritse umutima kubera iterabwoba ribahora ku mutwe, uwakwitegereza uko Abanyarwanda basonzeye ubutabera n’amahoro ariko bakuhirwa akarengane n’igitugu, uwareba uko Abanyarwanda bifuza gusaranganya uduke Imana yabahaye ariko bakabangamirwa n’Abategetsi bikunda kurusha abazima n’abapfuye, bahora bashaka kwikubira bonyine ibyiza by’igihugu,  uwakwitegereza ukuntu Abanyarwanda benshi cyane bananijwe mu mutwe no mu mubiri, ntiyabura kubagirira impuhwe nka Yezu (Mariko 6, 30-34), ndetse byacamo agaturika akarira  kuko mu by’ukuri Abanyarwanda b’iki gihe bameze nk’intama zabuze abashumba!


Na none ariko amarira yonyine siyo gisubizo, ikiruta byose ni ugutinyuka kwitoza no kwiyemeza kuzababera UMUSHUMBA MWIZA.

 

Icyumweru cyiza ku bakunda Imana n'u Rwanda mwese.

 

Padiri Thomas.

 

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RWIZA News: Imvo n’Imvano y’ifungwa ry’umunyamakuru Gasana Byiringiro

RWIZA News
Imvo n'Imvano y'ifungwa ry'umunyamakuru Gasana Byiringiro
Jul 21st 2012, 14:03

Imvo n'Imvano y'ifungwa ry'umunyamakuru Gasana Byiringiro hgy

Umunyamakuru Idriss Gasana Byiringiro

Mu Rwanda inkuru imaze iminsi ivugwa ni iy’umunyamakuru Gasana Byiringiro ukorera ikinyamakuru the Chronicles wafashwe agafungwa na polisi y’uRwanda kuva ku itariki ya 17 Nyakanga 2012, uyu munyamakuru yari amaze iminsi aterwa ubwoba n’abantu bataramenyekana bakorera inzego z’umutekano mu Rwanda.

Gasana Byiringiro yarandikiwe ubutumwa bugufi inshuro nyinshi kuri terefone ye igendanwa bumubwira ko agomba kwitondera ibyo arimo gushaka gutangaza. amaze kubona ubwo butumwa bwamuteraga ubwoba yabimenyesheje ubuyobozi bw’ikinyamakuru akorera ko umutekano we ubangamiwe n’abantu atazi, biza no kugeza n’aho ashimutwa atwarwa mu kigo cya gisirikare i Gashora mu karere ka Bugesera aho yahatiwe ibibazo birebana n’inkuru yashakaga kwandika ndetse n’abamufashije kubona amakuru.

Amakuru ikinyamakuru Umusingi gifitiye gihamya aturuka ku bantu batashatse ko amazina yabo atangazwa kubera impamvu z’umutekano wabo, aragaragaza neza ko Gasana yarimo akurikirana inkuru irebana n’inyerezwa ry’amafaranga atagira ingano yari yaragenewe kubaka urugomero rw’amashanyarazi rwa Rukarara, rukaba rwaragombaga kubyazwa amashanyarazi angana na megawati 9.5 mu gihe cy’amezi 28 bigatwara Miliyoni 16 z’amadorali ariko bikaba byarananiranye ubu hakaba hashize amezi 64 ariko bikaba biteganyijwe ko kugirango Rukarara ibashe kubyara megawati 9.5 nk’uko byari biteganyijwe hazagenda Miliyoni 26 z’amadolali.

Kubera abanyembaraga bashinjwa kunyereza ayo mafaranga, byatumye n’inteko ishinga amategeko ihagarika icukumbura yakoraga nyuma y’aho isangiye ko ari ngombwa ko abashinjwa kunyereza ayo mafaranga batumizwa mu nteko ndetse bakanakurikiranwa mu butabera.

Iperereza ryacu rigaragaza ko ibikorwa byose byakorwaga ku iperereza ry’inyerezwa ry’amamiliyoni atagira ingano byahagaritswe na kizigenza akaba ari nawe ufite uruhare runini mu kunyereza amafaranga ya Rukarara ariwe Minisitiri w’ubutegetsi bw’igihugu n’imibereho myiza y’abaturage Musoni James kugeza nubu akaba akoresha imbaraga afite kuburyo nta kintu na kimwe kijya ahagaragara kigaragaza uko ayo mafaranga yanyerejwe.

Gihamya dufite kandi zigaragaza ko umunyamakuru Gasana yari yabonye impapuro zigaragaza uko James Musoni na bagenzi be banyereje amafaranga azihawe n’uwahoze akuriye iperereza mu gihugu Col.Emmanuel Ndahiro kuberako azirana urunuka na Minisitiri James Musoni, izo mpapuro zikaba zaranyujijwe kuri Dr Kayumba Christopher akaba ari nawe nyiri ikinyamakuru Chronicles. nyuma amakuru yaje kugera kuri James Musoni yuko umunyamakuru Gasana arimo gukora iperereza ndetse ko yabonye na zimwe muri za gihamya abwira abashinzwe umutekano ko bagomba guhagarika iryo perereza ryakorwaga na Gasana Byiringiro.

Ni muri urwo rwego Gasana yatangiye kubona ubutumwa bugufi bumutera ubwoba, bumwe muri ubwo butumwa bukaba bwaragiraga buti  » Amakuru ki Edrice, umeze ute ? Ya baruwa wayikoresheje iki ? Muracyanshakisha ? Birasekeje rwose kora attention mu byo mukora byose. Itondere ibyo gutangaza amakuru uracyari umwana, kandi ntuzi aho ubikorera. N'abatari wowe byaranze sha. Tekereza neza icyo gukora, si ubwoba ngutera gusa witondere imitego yose uhura nayo. Ya baruwa uyitondere kuko yagukoraho utitonze ngo ushishoze. M josh. »

Ubundi butumwa bwagiraga buti  » Brother Edrisa, ndakugira inama ibintu bibiri. a. hagarika ibintu byose uri gukurikirana nabagushuka bose ngo bazagufasha. b. Kayumba arakubeshya ngo mudushakishe ngo muzatubone kandi arakubeshya ntabwo ari byo. Wowe ufite ububasha bwo kuvuga ko udashaka ko biba birebire bikarangira ariko nubikomeza gukurikirana ibyo utazi ni akazi kawe. Ibi ngibi ubibwire na Kayumba ni inama nakugiraga. Hari ikintu kibi twagutwaye ? Kuki se bagushuka umuntu w'umugabo !M Josh. »

Nyuma yuko Dr Christopher Kayumba avugana na komiseri mukuru wa polisi amubwira iby’iterwa ubwoba n’ishimutwa rya Gasana Byiringiro, hatanzwe itegeko ko afatwa agafungwa bityo Gasana Byiringiro aza guhamagarwa ngo afashe polisi mu gutanga amakuru ariko yageze kuri polisi ntayasubira murugo ahita afungwa ndetse n’uwazaga kumureba wese ntiyemererwaga kuburyo yari ameze nk’ufunze azira iterabwoba.

Inkuru zatangiye gucicikana yuko Leta ya Kagame yafunze umunyamakuru ndetse n’imiryango irengera abanyamakuru nka CPJ yandika itangazo yamagana icyo gikorwa. Leta ya Kagame imaze kubona ko biri buyikomerane gufunga umunyamakuru nta gihamya y’ibyo aregwa,Komiseri wa Polisi Gasana yahawe amabwiriza yuko agomba gutera ubwoba umunyamakuru Gasana Byiringiro kugirango avuge ko yabeshsyeye inzego z’umutekano bityo bigaragare ko abanyamakuru bo mu Rwanda baba babeshya ibyo baba bavuga byose ndetse bateshe agaciro n’imiryango irengera abanyamakuru nka CPJ yari imaze kwandika yamagana igikorwa cyo gufunga umunyamakuru.

Gasana Byiringiro yatumijwe mu biro bya Komiseri wa Polisi mu ijoro ryo kuwa 18 ahagana mu masaha ya saa munani atwarwa mu modoka ya polisi ifite plaque nomero RNP 039V akuwe kuri station ya Polisi ku Kicukiro. Gasana yabwiwe ko agomba kuvuga ko yabesheyaraga polisi yakwanga akaba yabura ubuzima bwe cyangwa agafungwa bityo nawe yemera ko azatangariza itangazamakuru ko yikoreraga ubushakashatsi bigatuma abeshyera inzego zishinzwe umutekano.

Andi makuru dufite agaragaza ko kubera imbaraga Musoni afite ndetse n’uburemere bw’inkuru ya Rukarara,byatumye umuyobozi w’ikinyamakuru Dr Kayumba Christopher wakoraga ikiganiro cyitwa Inteko yanyu kuri Televiziyo y’uRwanda buri wa gatandatu ahagarikwa gukora icyo kiganiro kubera ko yarimo ashaka gutumira bamwe mu bayobozi kugirango baganire ku inyerezwa ry’amafaranga ya Rukarara. ibyo byatumye ikinyamakuru Chronicles gihagarara gusohoka kuko ikiganiro Dr Kayumba Christopher yakoraga atahembwaga na ORINFOR kubera icyo kiganiro, ahubwo yari yaremerewe ko ORINFOR izajya imucapira ikinyamakuru cye bikaba byari ingurane ya za services. ingaruka za Rukarara kandi si Kayumba na Gasana Byiringiro byagezeho gusa kuko n’uwahoze ayobora Newtimes ariwe Bideli Joseph yafunzwe akanegura ku mirimo ye kubera kwandika ku inyerezwa ry’amafaranga ya Rukarara.

Nelson Gatsimbazi/Sweden

Source:Umusingi Newspaper

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RWIZA News: Ingabo za Angola na Zimbabwe ku mupaka w’u Rwanda na Congo?

RWIZA News
Ingabo za Angola na Zimbabwe ku mupaka w'u Rwanda na Congo?
Jul 21st 2012, 13:52

Ingabo za Angola na Zimbabwe ku mupaka w'u Rwanda na Congo? dos

Ba Perezida Dos Santos na Kabila

Muri iyi minsi mu nama y'Afrika yunze ubumwe yabereye Addis-Abeba, hafashwe icyemezo cyo gushyiraho umutwe w'ingabo zidafite aho zibogamiye zagenzura umupaka w'u Rwanda na Congo kandi zikarwanya imitwe y'inyeshyamba ya M23 na FDLR.

Kuri uyu wa kane tariki ya 19 Nyakanga 2012, Leta ya Congo mu ijwi ry'abategetsi bayo barimo Ministre w'ububanyi n'amahanga Bwana Raymond Tshibanda yatangaje ko izo ngabo zidafite aho zibogamiye zava mu ngabo za MONUSCO zisanzwe muri Congo zigahabwa inshingano nshya zaba zijyanye n'ubutumwa bushya zaba zihawe. Ari bwo kurinda umupaka w'u Rwanda na Congo no kurwanya imitwe y'inyeshyamba ya FDLR na M23, kuko ubusanzwe ingabo za MONUSCO zifite inshingano yo kurinda abasiviri no kuba zakwitabara gusa mu gihe zitewe.

Ubu MONUSCO igizwe n'abasirikare bagera ku 17000 bakaba bashinze ibirindiro cyane cyane mu burasirazuba bwa Congo.
Bwana Ntumba Luamba, umunyamabanga nshingwabikorwa wa CIRGL (Le secrétaire exécutif de la Conférence internationale de la Région des Grands lacs) we yatangaje ko kuri uyu wa kane tariki ya 19 Nyakanga 2012 ko umutwe w'ingabo mpuzamahanga udafite aho ubogamiye uzashyirwa ku mupaka w'u Rwanda na Congo mu rwego rwo kugenzura umupaka no kurwanya inyeshyamba za M23 na FDLR, utaje gusimbura MONUSCO ahubwo bizuzuzanya, ibi yabitangaje mu mubonano yagiranye na Roger Meece umukuru wa MONUSCO mu rwego rwo kwiga imikoranire ya MONUSCO n'uwo mutwe w'ingabo mpuzamahanga uzashingwa.

Ku rundi ruhande ariko hari benshi bavuga ko byaba byiza hakoreshejwe ingabo nyafrika, kuri urwo ruhande hari amakuru avuga ko Leta ya Congo yaba imaze iminsi mu biganiro n'ibihugu bya Angola na Zimbabwe ngo bizatabare Congo mu gihe intambara yaba ikomeye. mu gihe ariko hashyirwaho ingabo nyafrika zishinzwe kugenzura umupaka w'u Rwanda n'Afrika, Congo ngo yaba yifuza ko hakwiganzamo ingabo z'ibihugu bituruka mu majyepfo y'Afrika bigize umuryango wa SADC.

Uwa mbere mu bayobozi ba Congo wakoreye urugendo i Luanda muri Angola ni Ministre w'ububanyi n'amahanga Raymond Tshibanda. Akaba yaragiye yo igihe intambara n'inyeshyamba za M23 yatangiraga. Hakurikiyeho ubu n'Ambassadeur Ghonda Mangalibi. Bose bajya muri Angola bajyanye ubutumwa bwa Perezida Kabila bugenewe mugenzi we Dos Santos w'Angola.
Tubibutse ko hari amakuru avuga ko Perezida Kabila yaba yararekeye igihugu cya Angola amariba ya Peteroli ari mu nyanja hakurya ya Bas-Congo bityo igihugu cy'Angola kikaba kiteguye kumufasha igihe yabigisaba.

Igiteye inkeke muri ibyo n'ukuntu ingabo za Angola na Zimbabwe zajya ku mupaka w'u Rwanda, mu gihe bizwi ko ingabo z'ibyo bihugu zahanganye n'iz'u Rwanda na Uganda hagati ya 1998 na 2002 mu ntambara ya 2 ya Congo. Kuri Leta y'u Rwanda byaba ari nko kuzana umwanzi mu mbere.

Ikindi kandi Leta y'u Rwanda ikuriwe n'abahoze ari inyeshyamba za FPR izi neza uko yabigenje igihe yazanaga ingabo zayo muri Kigali yitwaje amasezerano y'Arusha zikayifasha gufata ubutegetsi ku buryo bworoshye. Uretse u Rwanda kandi ntabwo inyeshyamba za M23 zishobora gutegereza ko izo ngabo zigera ku mupaka ahubwo zakora uko zishoboye zigafata ahantu hanini hashoboka ku buryo gushyira ingabo ku mupaka ntacyo byaba bikimaze mu gihe izo ngabo zaba zarafashe ahantu hanini kandi zimaze gushaka n'indi mitwe myinshi y'abakongomani bashyira imbere nk'udukingirizo ndetse bafite n'ibibuga by'indege byatuma u Rwanda n'ibindi bihugu bikomeza kubaha ibyo bashaka byose no gukomeza ubucukuzi bw'amabuye y'agaciro.

Uko bigaragara u Rwanda iki kibazo kiragenda kirukomerana, dore ko inama y'ibihugu bivuga igifaransa (Francophonie) izateranira i Kinshasa kuva ku ya 12 kugeza ku ya 14 Ukwakira 2012, Leta ya Congo ishobora kuyikoresha mu kwibasira u Rwanda mu rwego rwa diplomasi dore ko hari na rapport ya ONU.

N'ikimenyimenyi ururimi rw'igifaransa rusa nk'aho rwahawe akato mu Rwanda ku buryo ibihugu byibumbiye mu muryango wa Francophonie n'iyo bitagendera ku marangamutima ntabwo byakwirengagiza ibimenyetso bitangwa na ONU.

Marc Matabaro

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UMUVUGIZI: «Reporters sans frontières» iramagana ifungwa ry’umunyamakuru wa «The Chronicles»

UMUVUGIZI
Ikinyamakuru Kivugira Abaturarwanda
«Reporters sans frontières» iramagana ifungwa ry'umunyamakuru wa «The Chronicles»
Jul 21st 2012, 12:40

Idriss Gasana Byiringiro

Ku wa 17 nyakanga 2012, Idriss Gasana Byiringiro, wiga mu ishuri ry’itangazamakuru mu Rwanda, akaba yimenyerezaga umwuga we mu kinyamakuru «Chronicles», yafashwe na polisi ngo kubera ko «yabeshye inzego z’u Rwanda zishinzwe iperereza». Ubutegetsi bumurega inkuru yasohotse muri iki kinyamakuru, inkuru ngo yaba yarabeshyemo ko ngo yaba yarahohotewe, akanashimutwa. Ubu aracyafungiwe kuri polisi ya Kicukiro, akaba atarasurwa na rimwe n’umuryango we mu gihe cy’amasaha 72 ashize.

«Niba umunyamakuru yanditse inkuru cyangwa niba yabeshye mu nkuru, iki ni ikindi kibazo. Nyamara iyo inzego zishinzwe iperereza zikomye ibyo Idriss Gasana Byiringiro yanditse, ibyiza si uko ahari zabinyomoza, aho kwihutira kumufata? Iyo zohereza inyandiko yazo muri The «Chronicles», byari bihagije kuruta gufata umunyamakuru wanditse inkuru». Ngibyo ibyo umuryango urengera ubwigenge bw’itangazamakuru ku isi, wibaza.

Mu ibaruwa ifunguye ishyira mu majwi inzego z’igihugu zishinzwe iperereza, Idriss Gasana Byiringiro yinubiraga ko yashimuswe, akanahatwa ibibazo n’abantu bane bambaye imyenda ya gisirikare, ku wa 15 kamena 2012. Muri iyi baruwa anemeza ko yafunzwe ijoro ryose, akanabazwa uwari wamuhaye inkuru. Byiringiro yongeyeho ho ko na orudinateri ye abamubazaga bayimucuje.

Icyumweru cyakurikiye ishimutwa rye, uyu munyamakuru yatangaje ko yakomeje guhohoterwa hakoreshejwe za SMS. Ubwo umuyobozi w’ikinyamakuru yakoreraga yatangaga ikirego, Byiringiro yahise yitaba kuri polisi ku wa 17 nyakanga uyu mwaka, ahita atabwa muri yombi.

Ku wa 19 nyakanga 2012, noneho habayeho ikinamico ridasanzwe. Uyu munyamakuru ngo yatangarije bagenzi be b’abanyamakuru ko ngo ishimutwa rye nta ryigeze ribaho. «Byari imipangu yanjye. Nk’umunyeshuri w’itangazamakuru, nashakaga kumenya koko niba bishoboka gukora amaperereza ashingiye ku mwuga mu Rwanda, cyangwa niba ari ukuri ko guverinoma ihohotera abanyamakuru, nk’uko amaraporo y’amahanga abyemeza».

Biragoye kwemera ukuri kw’aya magambo, cyane cyane ko yanditswe n’ikinyamakuru cya Leta «The New Times», kandi uyitirirwa akaba anafunzwe, atarigeze anabonana n’umwunganira. Niba yaranayavuze, ashobora kuba yarashyizweho agahato.

Umuryango «Reporters sans frontières» uributsa ko abandi banyamakuru batatu bagifungiwe mu Rwanda. Aba barimo Habarugira Epaphrodite ufunzwe by’agateganyo kuva ku wa 24 z’ukwezi kwa kane 2012. Ubwo yitabaga urukiko ku wa 18 nyakanga, umushinjacyaha yamusabiye igihano cyo gufungwa imyaka itandatu n’ihazabu y’amafaranga y’u Rwanda ibihumbi magana abiri (200 000). Azakatirwa ku wa 30 nyakanga uyu mwaka. Agnès Uwimana Nkusi na Saidat Mukakibibi, na bo baracyari mu munyururu kuva ku wa 8 nyakanga 2010.  

U Rwanda ruri ku mwanya w’156, ku bihugu 179, byashyizwe ku rutonde na RSF mu mu myaka ya 2011-2012 mu kubangamira uburenganzira bw’itangazamakuru. Umukuru w’u Rwanda, Paul Kagamé, na we ari kuri lisiti y’abanyonzi b’ubu bwisanzure.
Amiel Nkuliza, Sweden

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